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    dermoid cyst vs teratoma

    Viewer. The smaller mass demonstrates low-signal-intensity “shading” (open arrow), a finding that is typical of endometrioma. On T1- and T2-weighted images, the cystic spaces demonstrate both high and low signal intensity. 24, No. 18, No. At initial manifestation, immature teratomas are typically larger (14–25 cm) than mature cystic teratomas (average, 7 cm) (,12),(,38). 27, No. The morphologic features of the tumors differ in that mature cystic teratomas (dermoid cysts) are predominantly cystic, whereas immature teratomas are predominantly solid with small foci of fat. Testis - divided into prepubertal and postpubertal: Postpubertal (testicular) teratoma typically have isochromosome 12p i(12p). Recently, the amount of yolk sac tumor within immature teratomas has been recognized as both the source of α-fetoprotein in affected patients and the major predictor of stage, grade, and rate of recurrence (,40). Pourquoi la macroscopie est-elle essentielle pour comprendre et analyser les tumeurs ovariennes ? 3, Contemporary Diagnostic Radiology, Vol. The diagnosis of mature cystic teratoma at CT and MR imaging is fairly straightforward because these modalities are more sensitive for fat (,23). Typically, the tumors are heterogeneous, partially solid lesions (,46),(,47). Dermoid cyst: usually mature teratoma which resembles skin; some use these terms interchangeably Gliomatosis peritonei: peritoneal implants exclusively composed of mature glial tissue; benign if all tissue is mature and other teratomatous elements are absent 1 –4 This differs from an epidermoid cyst, which is lined by only stratified squamous epithelium. The smaller mass demonstrates low-signal-intensity “shading” (open arrow), a finding that is typical of endometrioma. U = uterus. 62, No. Figure 4d. 57, No. 7. 39, No. 30, No. The hemorrhagic endometriosis (open arrow) still has high signal intensity. Dermoid, Teratoma, and Choristoma. All types are frequently associated with a mature cystic teratoma or mucinous tumor (,14), ,51. 25, No. 1B. (d) Struma ovarii. (a) Transverse transabdominal US image shows a heterogenous mass in the cul-de-sac (arrowheads). 3 doctors agree. (b) T2-weighted fast spin-echo MR image (6,000/105 [effective]) shows some of the cyst loculations with very low signal intensity (arrows). S1, 3 May 2013 | RadioGraphics, Vol. (b) T2-weighted MR image (7,533/84 [effective]) shows the round masses (F) floating in high-signal-intensity fluid within the cyst (arrowheads). C = functional cyst. The hemorrhagic endometriosis (open arrow) still has high signal intensity. Sequences with frequency-selective fat saturation will suppress the high signal of teratomas and help distinguish them from hemorrhagic lesions (,,,,,Fig 5). (d) Photograph of the gross specimen shows yellowish, pasty sebaceous material (black arrowhead) and hair (white arrowheads) within the cyst cavity, findings that account for the fat echogenicity and signal intensity seen at US and MR imaging. 5, Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 4, 12 September 2014 | Veterinary Quarterly, Vol. 31, No. (c) Fat-saturated T1-weighted MR image (666/8) shows the masses with slightly diminished signal intensity (F) compared with the non-fat-saturated T1-weighted image (cf a). (d) Photomicrograph (original magnification, ×40; hematoxylin-eosin [H-E] stain) of the cyst wall shows squamous cell lining (arrowheads), sebaceous glands (arrow), and intervening muscle. (a) Sagittal transabdominal US image shows an echogenic mass with sound attenuation (arrows). There is no evidence of calcification or fat. A minority of mature cystic teratomas will not demonstrate a sebum-filled cyst cavity (,24). (a) Transverse transabdominal US image shows a heterogenous mass in the cul-de-sac (arrowheads). The US appearances of immature teratoma are nonspecific (,45). 33, No. The hemorrhagic endometriosis (open arrow) still has high signal intensity. 5 Mature cystic teratoma in a 20-year-old woman. A dermoid cyst, then, typically contains skin related tissue such as flesh, hair follicles, sweat glands and sometimes hair. To learn more, please visit our. C = functional cyst. (b) Axial fat-saturated T1-weighted gradient-echo MR image (150/1.7) demonstrates saturation of the high-signal-intensity foci within the mass (arrow), a finding that indicates fat. There is usually a raised protuberance projecting into the cyst cavity known as the Rokitansky nodule. Being totipotential, that cell can give rise to all orders of cells necessary to form mature … A lesion with the typical appearance of a mature cystic teratoma lies adjacent to the mass (arrow). Note how the cyst wall is folded back (thin arrow). Viewer. 6, 4 October 2012 | RadioGraphics, Vol. 2, Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Vol. Dermoid Cyst of the Parotid Gland: Report of a Rare Entity with Literature Review, Gastric teratoma in children: Our experience, Differentiation of Benign from Malignant Adnexal Masses by Functional 3 Tesla MRI Techniques: Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and Time-Intensity Curves of Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI, Tumeurs ovariennes de l’enfant et de l’adolescente : à propos d’une série de 41 cas, Malignant Transformation Rate and P53, and P16 Expression in Teratomatous Skin of Ovarian Mature Cystic Teratoma, Tératome immature ovarien chez une patiente de 38ans : intérêt de l’IRM pelvienne préopératoire, Ovarian tumors in children and adolescents: A series of 41 cases, Growing Teratoma Syndrome: First Case Report in a 4-Year-Old Girl, Struma ovarii accompanied by mature cystic teratoma of the other ovary: A case report and literature review, Algorithmic approach to solid adnexal masses and their mimics: utilization of anatomic relationships and imaging features to facilitate diagnosis, Review of Ovarian Tumors in Children and Adolescents: Radiologic-Pathologic Correlation, Multicomponent analyses of a hydatid cyst from an Early Neolithic hunter–fisher–gatherer from Lake Baikal, Siberia, An unexpected mass of the urachus: a case report, Bilateral Malignant Ovarian Teratoma With Peritoneal Metastasis in a Captive African Pygmy Hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris), Parvovirus B19 Persistence in Abnormal Thyroid Tissue of a Mature Cystic Ovarian Teratoma: A Case Report, The Recurrence Rate of Ovarian Dermoid Cysts in Pediatric and Adolescent Girls, Ovarian teratoma in an equine fetus: a case report, Ovarian Malignant Germ Cell Tumors: Cellular Classification and Clinical and Imaging Features, A floating ball: a pathognomonic sign of ovarian cystic teratoma, Abdominal and Pelvic Tumors With Musculoskeletal Histology, The Additional Value of Attenuation Correction CT Acquired During 18F-FDG PET/CT in Differentiating Mature From Immature Teratomas, Woman with Right Lower Quadrant Mass and Abdominal Pain, Two cases of Immature Teratoma Discovered after Emergency Laparoscopic Surgery for an Acute Abdomen, Three Cases of Immature Teratoma Diagnosed after Laparoscopic Operation, Échographie et doppler dans le diagnostic des tumeurs ovariennes présumées bénignes, Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Pediatric Pelvic Masses, Value of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI for tissue characterization of ovarian teratomas: Correlation with histopathology, Characteristics and Treatment Outcomes of Patients with Malignant Transformation Arising from Mature Cystic Teratoma of the Ovary: Experience at a Single Institution, Effect of dentine matrix proteins on human endometrial adult stem-like cells: In vitro regeneration of odontoblasts cells, Incidental Scintigraphic Finding of Ovarian Teratoma Containing Normal Thyroid Tissue on Post–Radioactive Iodine Therapy for Papillary Thyroid Cancer, Gastric Teratoma in an Infant: A Rare Case Report and Discussion, Suspected Extracolonic Neoplasms Detected on CT Colonography, Current MR Imaging Lipid Detection Techniques for Diagnosis of Lesions in the Abdomen and Pelvis, Ovarian Teratoma Mimicking Metastasis on I-131 Scan : A Case Report, Ectopic Teeth in Ovarian Teratoma: A Rare Appearance, H ) Photomicrograph ( original magnification, ×40 ; H-E stain ) shows a cyst., about 50 % will be orbital ( Fig 4 ) et al are cystic and solid,! 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